Tropical Birding's Habitats of the World
'A Supplementary Website for Princeton's Habitats of the World: A Field Guide for Birders, Naturalists and Ecologists'
Biome: SCLEROPHYLL WOODLANDS
SCLEROPHYLLOUS FORESTS AND WOODLANDS: Forests and woodlands
where the majority of the canopy trees are eucalypts and/or have small leathery leaves.
Wet Sclerophyll Forest: Tall, straight-trunked trees that form a canopy where the tree branches touch each other. Understory is lush and wet. Canopy trees are fire-tolerant, but the understory is fire-intolerant.
Example: Australasian Wet Sclerophyll Forest
Dry Sclerophyll Forest: Tall, straight-trunked canopy trees that form a canopy where the tree branches can touch each other but are too widely spaced to form a closed canopy. Understory is grass- and shrub-dominated, with plants not found in neighboring rainforests. Fire-tolerant.
Example: Australasian Dry Sclerophyll Forest
Eucalypt Woodland: Open, spaced woodland with a thin canopy, dominated by eucalypts with short, crooked trunks.
Example: Mallee Woodland
Australasian Acacia Woodlands: Open spaced woodlands and shrublands, often with a thick canopy, dominated by acacias with short trunks.
Latitudes and Precipitation Where this Biome Exists